Tabriz Grand Bazaar

Largest world indoor grand bazaar


The Bazaar is referred to as the place of sale and supply of goods, and the root of this word is taken from the Pahlavi language. However, the formation of the market was coincident with the formation of cities, and during the history of the Achaemenids to Iran after the Islamic era, we witnessed the growth and prosperity of these places, but what today remains the old markets in the Iranian cities and now also Is used in the Safavid era, so that many major markets in large cities such as Tabriz, Ardebil, Shiraz, Isfahan, Qazvin,Kashan, Yazd, Hamadan and Tehran are the memorials of that period.

Although the raids, looting and devastation of the Mongols in the seventh century arose many markets, but at the end of this period, Ghazan Khan and Al-Jaetou, and the ministers with their adequacy, such as Khoja Rashid al-Din Fazlullah, markets in the major cities of this period Was made. The construction of markets in the Safavid period increased and continued until the late Qajar era.

In addition to the economic and commercial functions of the Islamic cities, various social, religious, and political fields have played an indelible role, and along with mosques, the central and important part of the texture of old cities has been created.

Markets in the old cities usually formed in connection with the main roads and the main gate of the city, Jami Mosque and the main square of the city and gradually expanded. With the expansion of the market, new needs emerged that led to the emergence of spaces and monuments in the market, including Khan, Tymcheh, houses, Mint, manufacturing and service workshops and public buildings including Mosque, Husseinieh, Water Depot, Bath and coffee shop.

The most important characteristics of Iran's traditional markets are the presence of main or secondary trains, the existence of commercial complexes that have warehouses and temporary shopping centers, as well as the existence of commercial housing complexes such as Qaisariya, Tymcheh and Badajd. With the expansion of the market, along with this place, a caravanserai, a bath, a school, a monastery and other facilities such as park and polo land were established.

Today, we see significant changes in the architecture of the markets, the construction of passages, modern markets, multi-purpose commercial complexes with a diverse structure and architecture derived from western architecture, including these changes.