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The historic Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse is an example of the most unique Iranian baths in terms of architecture and decoration with an area of 1102 square meters in the ancient city of Kashan. The bath dates back to Seljuk and Qajar. One of the important items of this building is lime and plaster, with its 17 luminous layers representing its age. Other masterpieces of the building are its beautiful roof.The roof of this bathroom is one of the symbolic places of Kashan and the subject of many photographers.
Meet Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse From the most beautiful Iranian bathsIn the corner of Kashan, there is a historic bath called Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse, named after Imam Zadeh (Imam Jawad's grandson). This historic bath is a unique example of Iranian baths and is unique in terms of architecture and decoration. This work, with an area of 1102 square meters, has been on the list of national works of Iran since March, 13th, 1351 with number 1351, and is an honor for Kashan city.
In the past, each city has five main elements, including a mosque, a bazaar, a house, a bath and a water reservoir. Accordingly, the Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse can be considered an important element of the city. According to the texts of the various historical periods, in all Islamic courses, there were many public baths in cities, which were comparable in terms of number and significance to the mosques.In ancient times, public baths played an important role in the lives of Iranian people, and this is still the case. Public baths were not meant to be made for the purpose of washing, but rather as a place for gathering, meeting, rumors and even worship.
The evidence obtained from this bathroom attributes its background to the Seljuk era, but the bathtub has remained in the Qajar era. In general, the remains after the devastating earthquake of 1150 solar years show the dating of the bath during the Seljuk period, while the construction of Sarbineh says something else. Some believe that the current bath in the Qajar era and in 1292 AH (about 1254 solar) was built on the old bathhouse ruins and added a small bathroom to its collection.
The bathroom is considered to be the most complex of buildings because of the principles that need to be built. This space was built to maintain its internal heat below ground level and inside the soil to save energy. The Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse has very eye-catching decorations and is considered as a unique bath. The lime and stucco of this building stare their eyes. Lime Barry, the art of sculpture, embossed on a surface of lime, is one of the most beautiful decorations of Iranian buildings. There are 17 visible lamellae in this building, which has its history.Water from two wells is used for water supply between the different parts of the bathroom, and the colored glass called Geljiam is seen in the hole of the ceiling or the bathroom wall.What is better to see in the historical monuments, especially the historical monuments of Kashan, is the plan of that place. Because seeing the plan helps you understand the architecture. Otherwise, you should check it out for hours to find out where and where to go from.
Most of the bathroom decorations are in Sarabineh. Beautiful stucco and official ceiling are part of this decorating. The walls of the Sarabineh are covered with mosaic tiles and the bottom of the Sarabineh and the platforms around it is a stone. The tiled section combined with the tiled interior dome creates a beautiful spit. This tile is considered as an underground tile, in which the tiles are adorned, there is glass glazing on them and their bake in the furnace. These tiles, on their role glazed glass and their bake in the furnace.
The sudatorium wall is up to one meter covered with mosaic tiles and from there up to the ceiling there is lime brick with mortar.
Turquoise and golden tiles represent a large part of these decorations. The restoration of these tiles is done in a beautiful way, leaving some of it unmorrupted to show the originality of the work and the glass in front of it.Gypsum:
Seven layers of gypsum are the special features of this building. Sculptures and pictures of women and men are on the verge of luck.
Different parts of the Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse
The entrance has several spaces (entrance, entrance hall, vestibule and communication aisle) and finally ends in the dressing room. Before you go into the bath of Sultan Amir Ahammad, Take a look at the ceiling, drawing on the spectacular and attractive roof. Here you can see the corridor, which does not allow the air to be exchanged between the outside air and the inside of the bathroom.
The most attractive part of the bathroom! Sarabineh is actually a dressing room and has a semi-warm air. Except for the sophisticated extras used to design this part of the bathroom, the lighting has doubled its attractiveness.
The second main space in the bath is Sultan Amir Ahammad, the Garmkhane(sudatorium) , where washing and cleansing was done there.Garmkhane (sudatorium) is easier than Binh, and there are corners for sitting and washing.
The small bathroom is a simple entrance bath that passes through the corridor to the valley. A small bathroom room, Racks around it can be seen. An official pedestal is located above it, and the ceiling and floor decorations of this space are similar to the big bathroom.
One of the most beautiful domes of Iran. Bathtub is one of the most popular parts of the bathroom. The beautiful domes of the dome with blue glass and a few chimneys make this roof a unique place. These glasses were such that they brought in enough light and could not be seen from above. The old people believed that the devil's eye looked into the bathroom.
Esfahan Province, Kashan City, Alavi Street, Sultan Amir Ahamd Alley