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The Jameh Mosque of Yazd is one of the architectural and historical masterpieces of the world, and it can be said that it has the highest minarets in the world. The monument of this mosque has been glorious for centuries, which shines beyond the history of the civilization of this land. The Jameh Mosque of Yazd is one of the most beautiful mosques in the Timurid period, which is considered to be the most beautiful architectural masterpieces of the 9th century AH in terms of tiled roofs, minarets and inscriptions. Although the main building of the mosque is attributed to the Pre-Timurid era, the current building shows, according to the existing inscriptions, which was built during the Timurid period.
According to documents that have remained from the past, the time of construction and completion of the Jameh Mosque of Yazd has been carried out during a century and in different historical periods, The most important of these are the monarchy of the Ilkhani, the Safavids, the Timurid rule, the rule of Al-Muzaffar and Qajarians, because every part of this monument has been built and repaired by the time and by many. The first episode of this astounding work seems to be Amr ibn al-Layth. But the most famous building for it, Ala ud-Daula, has been operating from 474 to 498 Hijri as the ruler of Yazd.
The Jameh Mosque of Yazd can be considered as a combination of 3 mosques in different periods over 100 years. The current Jameh Mosque of Yazd was built during the hundred years, and in fact this mosque is a combination of three mosques in different historical periods. The Yazd Mosque in the Qajar era has become a modern day. The Jameh Mosque of Yazd, which today is the tourist destination of many people from all over the world, as well as the venue for religious and religious ceremonies of Yazd people, has been constructed on the site of three mosques built in the past years. The first mosque known as the Aqiq mosque was designed and built in the late third century AH and under the rule of Amr ibn al-Layth. This part of the built building was also repaired and refurbished in the 5th century AH, along with the monuments that were still in existence for centuries after its construction.In the fifth century AH, when Ala ud-Daula, from the time of Yazd, began to build the second mosque, known as the Old Mosque, built a Dome and several porches, adding more mosques to the mosque.The third mosque, called the New Mosque, was built in the early eighth century AH with a small scene, Dome and large porch.The Jameh Mosque of Yazd has changed over the course of history, including the marble porch, the construction of a gilded porch with brick on the right side of the Dome, the restoration and installation of new inscriptions and the construction of two manors on the two sides of the entrance door.The architecture of the Jameh Mosque of Yazd is the Azeri style with the theory of the late Pirnia. In this style, the Mughal or Iranian-Mogul style also says that this example of architecture is also seen in Herat and Bukhara.
The Masterpiece of Islamic architecture by Ivan Rafi.The construction of Jameh Mosque of Yazd in terms of its Dome, high Portal, as well as its unique tile, boosts the admiration of every Iranian and foreign visitors.Entering the street of the mosque that we are going through, this mosque is enormous. Let's take a step further; see the minarets as they connect you to the sky. It's interesting to know that these minarets are different. The right minaret has two independent pathways. The height of these minarets and its unique tile, even at the peak of the minarets, where the minarets are thinner, is also surprising. The height of the mosque is 52 m high and the diameter is 8 m.The Jameh Mosque of Yazd is one of the most extraordinary and unique monuments that has attracted many people around the world. This amazing monument, consisting of a high porch, two nurseries, two warm home located on the eastern and western sides of the nave, a Dome and a large rectangular courtyard, representing the architecture and design of the beautiful construction of ancient Iran. Six entrances for entering this mosque are considered, each of which is located in different parts of the mosque.Any visitor visiting this historic mosque is fascinated by the unique architecture of Iranians who build a nesting house, Dome, tile, minarets, courtyard and gypsum used in it. The altar, which is located in the Dome and is actually considered as the main altar, is decorated with inscriptions, percussion bricks and mosaic tiles, and presents the world of Iranian art and taste.An incredibly beautiful tile of mosaic, aesthetic and herbal paintings on the high porch of this magnificent building, such as the brilliant sun, has created a unique look for it.The height of the mosque's minarets is 52 meters and its diameter is 8 meters. The Jameh Mosque of Yazd is the oldest example of architecture in the 9th century AH in the architecture of the Yazd religious district. The Jameh Mosque of Yazd is a plan made up of a Dome mosque and a long rectangular nest. The main plan is the rectangular mosque, which is an imitation of the Ka'bah plan. The building of the mosque is a completely sacred and transcendental mosque and has been a model of many mosques throughout history.The plan of the Dome is square and in Islamic cosmology, the square is the most distinct form of creation on earth and the representative of quantity, while the circle is considered as the representative of the quality.The most beautiful part of the building can be called the collection of porches and Dome buildings and surrounding areas. The view of Rafi Eyvan is covered with a collection of the most beautiful mosaic tiles decorated with aesthetic and vegetarian designs. These decorations, combined with bricks and crafty motifs, and tufts of mosaic and koufi, have created a gorgeous set of admirers that inspire every visitor.The most original parts of the unique Iranian art of architecture are gypsum, nave, courtyard, Dome, tile and minarets.The main sanctuary or altar located in the Dome is a deep rectangular span, on either side of which there are tight bumps across the Dome of the house. This altar is beautifully decorated with mosaics, sculptures and bricks, and plays a role in two stellar tiles.There is no use of iron in the construction of this huge building, and all the buildings are with ankle, cobble and chalk. On the altar of this mosque, a part is made with small tiles, which are in the form of the planet and used in all colors.
The two layers Dome of the mosque, on which the role of a saponous flower is performed in a subtle manner, is repeated on the stem of the word "al-Mulk-lehla" to the Kufic line, with a diameter of 17 meters, the outer layer, has a solid structure. The arch of the outer layer of the Dome is one of the great sections of the mosque for architects and tourists (the dwelling means that the architect achieves a solid, stable and durable mix instead of sharp arches, combining two arches).
The magnificent and imposing Portal of the mosque is one of the most important and famous parts of the building, which stare at the entrance. The height of the Portal is 24 meters and on both sides there are low latitudes vaults and two tall minarets.
The tiled altar with a variety of mosaic tiles and inscriptions and a percussion brick located in the mosque Dome is one of the most beautiful parts of the mosque and its reputation attracts many Domestic and foreign tourists. "Haj Bahad al-Din Muhammad ibn Abi Bakr ibn al-Husseini" was the artist's creator of this altar, whose name appears on the mosque inscription on 777 AH.
The brightness of the mosque is indirectly reflected by light reflection from the white plaster of the Dome and walls. Many Shiite symbols are seen throughout the mosque and many of the building's decorations are Shiite symbols. Among these motifs, one can mention the 5th star of the concepts of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), Imam Ali (AS), Pentecostal al-Abah, Imam Hussein (AS). The 72 candles and the 12 candlesticks are full of paintings, which are seen in many parts of the building.In the unique decoration used in this mosque, the tile and designs of the Ali (as), and somewhere else from the Iranian symbol of the Hashijj (four main elements of the Mehr) used this symbol is a sacred symbol of ancient Iran in the monuments An important thing is the Persepolis, and so far it remains.
The brightness of the mosque is indirectly reflected by light reflection from the white plaster of the Dome and walls.
Many symbols of Shiite religion are seen throughout the mosque, and they form many decorations of the building. Among these motifs is the 5-sided stars, the implications of the names of Prophet Muhammad, Imam Ali, Imam Hussein. The 72-sided sun and 12-sided sun is full of paintings in many parts of the building.In the unique decorations used in this mosque, the tile and designs of Ali's name and somewhere else have been used from the Iranian symbol of Hashijj (four main elements of the Mehr). This symbol is a sacred symbol from ancient Iran in important buildings such as Persepolis is seen and remains so far.
Its minarets are about 48 meters high and It’s head about 24 meters high. The two minarets of the mosque have a diameter of about eight meters, which was added to the Safavid era, but collapsed in 1313 and rebuilt. The height of these minarets and the unique tile work even at the peak of the minarets is a surprise to everyone, and only one of them has a staircase, so the tile's elegance at this height is truly admirable.
It is possible to hear the local stories about these two minaret pairs; for the construction of these two minarets, one day a master and a student pledge each of them to build one of the minarets and, without having to monitor each other result to compare. When the minarets are finished, both minarets are built up, but the minaret that the student makes, the minaret on the right, has a double-sided step, while the master's minaret has only one-way staircase, And it turns out that the skilled professor is saddened by this and throws himself down from the same minaret.
Jameh Mosque of Yazd on Imam Khomeini Street, opposite the clock tower, at the end of Jame Mosque Street.The Jameh Mosque of Yazd was registered on July 31, 1313, with the number 206 in the list of national works of Iran.