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A unique example of architecture and decorations which includes several museums with a variety of themes that are examples of the integration of Iranian and European architecture. Golestan Palace in Tehran as a Tourist Attraction consists of various sections and museums, including the Hall of Salam, the Mirror Hall, the Marble Tower, Khalvat Karimkhani, the Chambers, the Hall of Table House, the Brielian Hall, the Windcatcher mansion, the Diamond Hall, the Mansion of the Dormitory, the Shamsol Emareh and Abyaz Palace.
The Iranian-European architecture
Golestan Palace consists of various sections and museums, including the Hall of Salam, the Mirror Hall, the Marble Tower, Khalvat Karimkhani, the Chambers, the Hall of Table House, the Brielian Hall, the Windcatcher mansion, the Diamond Hall, the Mansion of the Dormitory, the Shamsol Emareh and Abyaz Palace.
Marble Throne Porch with 65 marble pieces in different sizes, is one of the most prominent places of Golestan Palace. The Marble Throne are from the monuments of the reign of Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajar and the coronation ceremony was held at this place. At the time of Naser al-Din Shah, this hall was used to store foreign gifts. The painted and painted decorations of the hall are very attractive and similar to the buildings of the Zandieh period, and the carvings were supervised by Professor Mohammad Ibrahim Isfahani.
Shamsol Emareh is the most important building of the Golestan Palace and the most distinguished building of the eastern side of the complex. After the first visit of Naser-Din Shah Qajar to Europe and influenced by the high-rise buildings. It is constructed in five floors with Iranian architecture and fringes and the other name is the Sun's mansion. The construction of this monument in 1282 AH was initiated by Naser al-Din Shah Qajar and its architect was the master of Ali Mohammad Kashi.
The Windcatcher Building is another spectacular view of the Golestan Palace, which was erected on the southern side of the complex during Fath Ali Shah's time. The hall of this mansion has attractive paintings and mirrors, and the reason for naming this mansion is winding, there are four winding luminaries decorated with tiles of blue, black, yellow, mosaic and golden tufts.
The beautiful corners and podiums and corridors are part of this building, and the sashs and pillars have given them a special beauty. Paintings, rosary, mirror, gypsum, carvings and marble have been used throughout the building, which is why they consider it one of the most interesting and vibrant royal castles at that time.
In the northwest corner of the Golestan courtyard, the covered building is a porch attracting attention with its raised pillars. His name is Karimkhani, a jolokhan with a special beauty. In the middle of this section there is a pond that in the past, the water of the shrine of the shah came out of it and flowed in royal gardens.
This is very important in two respects: one dating back to the time of Karim Khan and the other due to the agitated behaviors of Aqa Muhammad Khan Qajar with the dead bones of Karim Khan Zand in this place.
On the northwest side of the Golestan Gardens and a little beyond the Karimkhani sanctuary we reach the building, which was originally built with the aim of creating a museum and the museum's room.
Of course, the first Iranian royal and state museum was created by Nasser-al-Din Shah, in a building between Shamsol Emareh and the northern corner of the garden.
But the craze of the king led him to see the museums and galleries of the great western countries, and he would like to make a museum like the European museums to make it in the royal citadel.
Later, the museum's room, also known as the Hall of Salam, was renowned for its welcoming ceremony, and also hosted the coronation hall by hosting the Pahlavi coronation ceremony.
In the west of the Hall of Salam and in the vicinity of it, one of the famous Golestan Hall of Fame is called Mirror Hall. Which is also part of the museum building.
At first this section was dedicated to the location of the peacock throne and Coronation, But today, what makes this hall popular is Kamal-ol Molk's paint and oil paintings, which shows the shape of the hall in 1309 AH and ultimately glorifies.
A little side of the mirror hall, we see the ivory hall. The construction of this hall and the basement below it is unclear, but the evidence suggests that it will be built before the Hall of Fame and the Mirror Hall. Mahmoud Khan's watercolor, Malek al-Sha'ra, illustrates the beauty of the exterior of the Hall in 1286 AH. It can be seen from the picture that the building has three large arches and a porch with six elegant columns and a staircase from the west.
The Hall of Dishes is a part that was built in 1344 AH on the remnants of the Qajar mansion, in which some European sultan gifts were presented to the Qajar kings. Among the containers of this hall are the following:
In the east of the Ivory Hall, there are several halls and beautiful rooms, with a lot of mirror work, folding chairs, heaters and stairs, and numerous pavilions. This area is famous for the Berylian Hall and is located at an altitude below the Ivory Hall.
The springhouse is hosted by the Museum of Photography, where you can see a collection of photographs of the Qajar period and the photographic equipment of that time. You see photos in this collection, which are handwritten by NaserDin Shah. This king was very interested in photography, and so he recorded many pictures. The Golestan Palace's collection of photographs of this part is the second largest collection after the royal royal collection.
In the southern part of the Golestan Garden and after the windpower, one of the old parts of the Royal Citadel is known as the Diamond Hall.
The foundation of this hall dates back to the time of Fath Ali Shah; however, Nasser al-Din Shah has changed its appearance and decorations. The interior mirror of the building has made it the name of the diamond. A large hall and corner rooms, corridors, pillars and numerous slides make up various parts of the building. Underneath this hall are also large basements.
This Anthropology Museum is one of the oldest and richest anthropology museums in the country, in addition to garments in various regions of Iran, you can see the costumes of men and women of Qajar.
In Golestan palace, these are not the only collectors' buildings that are attractive to viewers; the space of the complex is clustered with trees and pools and fountains give you a different environment. Where there are plenty of photography subjects for those who love this art. Everyone can draw your attention from colorful tiles to water dancing in the pool and at the same passageways.
Tehran, Tehran District 12 Fifth Khordad Avenue, Arg Sqr، Panzdah-e-Khordad St