Isfahan Nqsh-e jahan square

The second largest square in the world


The field in the Persian language culture is called the game space, which is the location of several streets in cities and villages, which was used as a gathering place for people, or for the fluidization of traffic and traffic. Of course, in the Persian language, there are different definitions of the field, which means that the field is sometimes used to fight, sometimes to buy and sell, and sometimes to cross the passage. In a general definition; Fields in the past have vast open spaces along the roads or intersections of roads and streets that have social, communicative, commercial, governmental, military or a combination of two or more functions. Other fields of operation in the past include: public square, neighborhood square, sports field, outbuilding square, urban square, area square, neighborhood square.

  • General Square

    • These squares were a gathering place for people, so public spaces such as mosques, waterfalls, water storage, commercial spaces, markets, bathrooms, and schools were built in these squares.
  • Commercial area

    • In addition to the public square, large cities have one or more business fields, some of which were the place of sale of certain goods, especially livestock and their necessities.
  • Governorate

    • Most used for military exercises, sanction and military parades, or the punishment of criminals.
  • Neighborhood Square

    • These squares were located in the center of the neighborhoods, in two directions, a crossroads or as a square at the intersection of several ways or along the road.
  • Communication Square

    • These fields were also known as reliance.
  • Sports field

    • These fields were dedicated to sporting events such as the Horseback Riding.
  • Extra-city field

    • A number of commercial fields, such as sheep stores, fruit fields, or some military fields, were established outside the city.
  • Urban Fields

    • These fields were located next to or along the main roads leading to a city gate.
  • Regional Areas

    • Specified for a metropolitan area, in most cases, there were commercial areas of the city, such as the fruit field.
  • Neighborhood fields

    • Some neighborhoods were divided into small units with the name of passage, koy, and so on, where they were called neighborhood units. In these neighborhoods, at the intersection of their main roads, there were squares and alleys that were called neighborhoods.


But today the function of the fields has changed, and most of the classical functions of the fields have been transferred to cultural-commercial buildings and complexes, and the various social functions of the past can no longer be expected. By increasing the traffic of cars in the cities, the phenomenon of street traffic caused, at the intersection of the axes, the gates instead of the fields in the form of distribution of vehicles.

The most important urban squares of Iran are: Major Qapu Square in Ardebil, Isfahan Shrine Square, Isfahan Square, Isfahan Atiq Square, Azadi Square in Tehran.