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These sweets in Iran have at least two very good types, one of which is the product of Isfahan and the other is the product of Tabriz. Gaz Sweet, famous and traditional snacks are main souvenirs of Isfahan, also produced in Hamedan, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Kerman, Fars and Yazd. Eggs, almonds, pistachios, and pearls are used to make Gaz Nougat or Luca is one of the most delicious and delicious sweets in the city of Tabriz, from the Gaz family. The ingredients are: egg whites, sugar, walnuts, vanilla and .... In some cases, Mecao Bread is also used to make it. In Tabriz, this special type of pastry is for joy and celebration.
Gaz and Nougat
People in the local language are called "Luca". The traditional nougat wool is one of the oldest products of Tabriz, which is also considered as a souvenir of this region. Nougat or Luca come from sugar, egg whites, walnuts, vanilla and ... in various types such as vanilla, cocoa, chocolate, etc. (Noga in Hebrew means sparkle, bright light and Nogah means brightness and shine).
There is another type of Nougat in Tabriz that is known as Ajili(Nuts) Nougat and comes from materials such as sugar, water, glucose, walnut kernel, tree almonds, Indian almonds, pistachios, hazelnuts, egg whites, rose water and wheat flour.
Gaz has a variety of different types based on the amount of pistachios and brain of almonds and vegetable matter used. Its appearance is divided into 3 groups of Ardi(Floury) Gaz, Loqmeh(morsel) gaz and Sohani gaz. Based on the amount of pistachios or almonds, four groups, (Exclusive, special, custom and ordinary) categories are divided. The classification based on the herbal material used in this gaz includes gaz angebin, gaz saffron and other essential oils.
Gaz Isfahan is the best-quality Gaz and has more than 450 years of age. According to the words "Gaz Isfahan" since the Safavid period, as well as the reappearance of Iranian art and culture in Isfahan. The value of Angebin Gaz is usually 4 to 5 times the value of ordinary gaz. The Angebin Gaz producing factor is a small insect, almost as large as a mosquito that houses a stem or leaves of the angebin gaz tree. Then it feeds on the plant and produces nectar. This action means the production of natural sugars by the insect, which may be the same as producing honey in the honey bee. Gaz Angebin is one of the few fructose sugars in nature. The original type of this sweet, which is still custom made, contains a small percentage of Gaz Angebin's precious extant.