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The great Khorasan, once the largest state in Iran, is the cradle of the great civilizations and old cultures of eastern Iran. Civilizations spread across the border between China and Turkmenistan to the proximity of Kerman and Balochistan. The Great Khorasan is the land that the sun originates from and slowly enlightens Iran.
The turn of the day and the ups and downs of the world made large Khorasan into small pieces with new names: Afghanistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and .... Although Khorasan was fragmented and separated from Iran's motherland, But the Khorasani culture, which was part of a valuable Iranian culture, continued its life in the heart of the newly-named territories.
The vast province of Khorasan with an area of more than 238 thousand square kilometers and about 14.6 percent of the country's land is the largest single division of the country. The province has the largest external border (1451 km) with two countries (Turkmenistan and Afghanistan) and is located in the south and west adjacent to the five provinces (Golestan, Semnan, Yazd, Kerman and Sistan and Baluchestan). Extensive expanses, long foreign borders and regional status have given this province a special geopolitical significance.
The breadth of the Khorasan province and natural factors such as high mountains and desert areas, far away from the sea and various winds have caused the diversity of weather in its areas. From the climatic point of view, Khorasan can be divided into 3 parts north, center and south.
The vast province of Khorasan, with its diverse geological structure, diverse climate , has certainly been the mainstay of livelihoods, commerce and military activities, since its earliest times of life, due to this particular situation, the oldest, most famous and longest way of communication between East and West, the "historic Silk Road" linking the East through Khorasan to the West.
The geographical variation of the land of Khorasan despite the desert and warm weather in the southern and temperate mountainous areas of the north of the province and sporadically in the center with significant heights such as Binalood, thousand mosques, Kopet Dagh, Qahistan, etc., are suitable land for human settlements. It has been one of the earliest days and attracted.