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The Khazar Sea or the Mazandaran Sea, is a watershed from the south to Iran, from the north to Russia, from the west to Russia and Azerbaijan, and from the east to the republics of Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan.
The Caspian Sea, sometimes the largest lake in the world, and sometimes the smallest self-sufficient Sea of the Earth, is the largest enclosed water zone. Its length is about 1030 to 1200 kilometers and its width is between 196 and 435 kilometers. The level of the Caspian Sea is lower than the free sea level and is now 26, 5 to 28 meters below sea level. The coastline of the sea is about 7,000 kilometers, its area is 371 to 386 thousand square kilometers (one and a half times the size of the Persian Gulf) and its volume of water is 78,700 kilometers.
The Caspian Sea was in the past part of the Tethys Sea connecting the Pacific to the Atlantic Ocean. From about 50 to 60 million years ago, the sea was gradually closed to the Pacific Ocean and then to the Atlantic Ocean. In 1952, the Soviet Union joined the Dan and Volga River with the creation of artificial waterways, so that small ships could go from the Caspian Sea to the Azov Sea and the Black Sea. So the Caspian Sea returned to the Free Seas.
The northern part of this sea is very small, so that only half a percent of the water is located at the north side of the sea and its depth is less than 5 meters on average. About 130 rivers flow into the sea, most of them from the northwest to the sea. The largest of them is the Volga River, which averages 241 cubic kilometers of water per year into the Caspian Sea. The rivers Kura 13, Atrak 8.5, Ural 8.1 and Sulak 4 kilometers of cubic meters of water enter the sea annually.
The nature of the Caspian Sea has made it unique to plants and animals, but at the same time has made it vulnerable to agricultural, industrial and oil pollution.
The sea is very rich in oil and gas resources and its oil reserves range from 17 to 35 billion barrels. Part of the oil from the Baku oil field, the capital of the Azerbaijani Republic, is transported through the Baku-Tbil-Ceyhan pipeline to the Mediterranean coast.
Many people believe that Chamkhala is the best beach in northern Iran, and they do not say Birjam. Chamkhale is located in the center of the city of Langroud, and when you enter the coastal road, the distance between the sea and the road is very small, which makes it possible to think in parts that you are driving at sea. Chamkhaleh, after Anzali, is the second most prosperous and tourist resort in Gilan.
The Persian Gulf of 240,000 square kilometers, after the Gulf of Mexico and Hudson, is the third largest bay in the world, located in southern Iran. Neighbors from the Gulf can be found in the west of Kuwait and Iraq, and south of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates. The name of the Persian Gulf has varied in various historical periods. In the Assyrian inscriptions of the Persian Gulf, "NarMarto" means "bitter sea". During the Sasanian times, it was called the Pars Sea, and some Greek historians and geographers from the Persian Gulf called Persia called the Persian Gulf, and finally, the Muslim scholars have mentioned it in Persian or Persian alphabet.
The most important Gulf islands are Abu Musa, the Great Tunb, Little Tunb, Kharg, Qeshm, Kish, Lavan.
The Oman Sea is said to be in the geography of today the Blue Plain connecting the Persian Gulf through the eastern Strait of Hormuz to the Arabian Sea or the Makran Sea. The eastern shores of Iran are located north of the sea and the northern part of Amman and a small part of the Emirate in the south. Officially known as Gulf of Oman in international organizations and other languages. But in the Islamic geography of the Oman Sea, which in the past included the current region of the Arabian Sea, it was sometimes referred to as the Sea of Makrens and the Sea of Lazher.
The Oman Sea has come into existence in the southwestern Asia of Iran, Pakistan, Oman and the United Arab Emirates following the advance of the Indian Ocean. It is also the gateway to the Gulf and the Indian Ocean. The length of the coast of the Oman Sea in Iran, from the Bay of Goethe to Bandar Abbas, is 784 kilometers. The small ports of Jask, Chabahar and Goetar are seaside ports of merchants and seafarers, and are one of the major cities of the Oman Sea, Chabahar and Jask.
The southern islands of Iran are one of the best destinations for tourism in Iran. Take Dolphin Island to beautiful Hormuz Rainbow Island. The northern coasts of the Persian Gulf have a large number of islands that are of economic, ecological, political, military, and religious significance. Overwhelmingly these islands overlooking the waters of three coastal provinces of Khuzestan, Bushehr and Hormozgan. Traveling to the islands of Iran, apart from the natural attractions of these southern destinations of Iran, can be much more productive than traveling to other Iranian cities, because many of the islands of Iran are close and you can take a short distance by sea boats. Take a trip to 3 or 4 beautiful islands in less than a week.
In the past, the island has the name "Selbukh" and is located between Abadan and Khorramshahr, and the two branches of Arvandrood learn it.
Minoshahr is a small city with a population of about 12,000 people and it is mostly used for recreation for the people of both Abadan and Khorramshahr. 45% of them are engaged in agriculture, but along with that, livestock breeding also has a special place in Mino.
There are five rivers in the Minoo Island, two of them from the Jorfa River and the other three from Arvandroud.
Minoo Island is one of the few places in the world in which the irrigation system is run naturally and with tidal water and does not require mechanical and pumped water.
The countless palm of the island is an excellent ecosystem for migratory birdfish as well as its massive and mysterious bunker shelters.
Wild animals include hogs.
Mosque of Khorasan is a long and deep channel that is secluded from the Persian Gulf and has a privileged position due to its special characteristics in the region. This area is located on a unique ecosystem on the northern coast of the Persian Gulf and south of Khuzestan province. Its crater width is 37 to 40 kilometers and its length extends from the mouth to the port of Imam Khomeini 90 kilometers and to the port of Mahshahr 120 kilometers.
Khor Mosa with an average depth of 20 to 50 meters is the habitat of many rare birds, including the gilanshah and the spawning place of many Persian Gulf fish, especially shrimp.
Contamination from the exploration and extraction of oil and oil tankers, accidents and accidents related to oil platforms, ship movements, land-based resources and industries have caused the island to be polluted from the Persian Gulf.
Older pronoun This is the non-residential name of the Khuzestan province of Bonn. Boye Island, along with two other small islands, Dara and Gharrankhoda, are located in the northwest of the Persian Gulf at the mouth of Khormoosi, in the province of Khuzestan. The airspace of this island is almost the same from the cities of Hanijan and Bandar Mandarhahr. From the birds of this island, you can mention Salim Crab. The island is also a hunting place for sea swallows.
Naderi Kazeroni writes in Bone's geography of the ports of the Persian Gulf: "In the middle of Harkov and the two islands there is one named after it, and the second part of Baneh and the Deira is Dead Bay, non-inhabited and water-bearing Baneh, and due to the collapse of the two islands , Apart from the other teachers, the passage of the other sea-goers to the two islands is difficult because the fear of breaking the cavalry in the valley of those islands is false, and the distance between the island, Beneh, and Deira, and Kharak, and Kharq, are four zam, each of which is four miles. "
The island is in the mouth of Moses. This is a non-residential and beautiful landing place for marine swallow.
Captain's Tomb Island
The island of the Caprice is like an island uninhabited, and is the site for the harboring of sea swallows.
The island is 22.8 square kilometers in size, between the two islands of Kish and Lavan. The land is smooth and almost uncomplicated.Hondurbey is 325 km from Bandar Abbas and 133 km from Bandarlenghe and its highest point is twenty-nine meters and its largest diameter is seven and a half kilometers.The island is covered with a series of short altitudes, and its shores are led by gentle slopes to the sea. Proximity to the sea often results in an increase in rainfall and humidity. However, in all of the Gulf coast, the proximity to the sea has little effect on rainfall. The economic activity of most people on Honduran Island is hunting and diving.There are no industrial activities or exploitation of mines and underground resources, and even handicrafts in Honduran.The environment of the island is limited due to its closure, and there are creatures such as small bird species, migratory birds such as the open and hawk, and a small number of reptiles and rats there.The resources of the island's water supply are very limited and low and its water is supplied through wells or water reservoirs.The island is in terms of tourism and travel from Kish sub-districts, which, considering the natural resources and abilities of the island in terms of water, soil, air and special conditions of the island of Kish, as well as the enjoyment of natural beauty, is able to satisfy the needs of tourists and tourists. To provide.
In the past, the island was called Qays. It is narrated that after the storm of Noah (AS), the island of Kish was the first point to come out of the water.It is an oval island with an area of 89.7 square kilometers and a length of 15.6 and a width of 7 kilometers, southwest of Bandar Abbas and among the glacial waters of the Persian Gulf.Kish Island is one of the most prosperous areas of the Persian Gulf in terms of natural environment. The natural talents and geographic location of the area has greatly contributed to the exploitation of tourism and commercial activities.
The beaches of the Coral Island, not only in different seasons of the year, but also during one day, at different times, watch vibrant, diverse and beautiful beauties of nature.Kish Beaches in the east, northeast and south of the most beautiful beaches of the world.On the southwest coast, the most beautiful sunsets can be seen. Among the landmarks of Kish Island is the large aquarium, which is located in the eastern corner of the island with beautiful architecture and various species of fish and aquatic animals around the island have been watched. There are about seventy types of decorative fish in the aquarium, which are remarkable in terms of the shape and color of the flakes and the appearance of beauty, and are somewhat scarce.The Kish Island Recreational Drilled Harbor is one of the most popular attractions in the southern part of the island. On the pier, entertainment such as water-skiing with a glass bottom boat, which can be seen from the top of a group of fish and the beauties of the underwater world, has also provided water skiing facilities for enthusiasts. Next to the recreational pier, a bike ride has been built around the island.The traditional architecture of the island's buildings is made up of coral stones on the island. The new and modern architecture of the island is also a mimic of traditional and native architecture, an example of which is seen in Safin.Kish Island is the first free trade zone in Iran. Today, thousands of people travel to Kish on a daily basis to buy and visit the natural beauty of the island.The large part of the area is flat and prone to farming and has numerous palm trees.From the spectacular Kish Island, you can see the Karais aqueduct, the Dolphin Kish Park, the Greek ship, the green tree (figs of temples), the ancient city of Harire, the Kish aquarium, and ....
The other is the non-residential island of Fororgan, located in the south of the Great Ferrara and north of the island of Siri.
The highest point of the sea level is thirty-six meters. Due to the climatic situation and the establishment of the migration route of marine birds, the habitat is a diverse variety of migratory and native birds.
The overseas island of Hormuz, whose length is about 6000 meters, lies at the entrance of the Persian Gulf and 8 kilometers from Bandar Abbas.
The correct spelling of the word Hermosa or Jupiter derived from the words "Khormouz" or "Khormukh" means the harbor and port of Mughestan (Minab), which is called Hormoz today because of the great use of the famous mistake.
The island is considered to be the Persian Gulf because of its geographical location and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz. This is the position that has made it historically important in terms of business and logistics.
Hormoz has always been the name of an authentic port in the province of Minab with the Persian Gulf. Current minab town is built on the ruins of this port. The old hormone had a thriving trade in the early Mongol era. With the Mongol invasion of about 700 AH, the people of Hermes originally referred to the island of Qeshm and then to the island of Hermosus, which at that time was Zeron (the name of Juron, which later became the name of the port at the current port of Bandar Abbas, was pronounced Portuguese pronunciation of the Gamboran port). They migrated and built a city and renamed it in memory of their old hermitage.
Gradually, the centuries later, the city gave its name to the whole island, and the port of Jernon (Gembron next) borrowed its name from it. The greatness of the city and the island of Hermoses was so great that the center of the Persian Gulf states, including Bahrain, was two centuries later, until occupied by the Portuguese.
In 1031, Shah Abbas erupted in the Persian Gulf from the harbor and the southern coast of Iran in the Persian Gulf and destroyed the cities of Hermos and Gombron, and built the current port of Abbas on the ruins of Gombron. Hormoz today has nothing to do with the past flourish.
Hormuz Island in the middle of the highlands consists of hills and volcanic and salt mountains. The highest point is 210 meters high, surrounding the plains are flat and flat, the red soils and white salt mines have a lot of reputation.
The island is one of the landmarks of Hormozgan province in southern Iran. The island is located in small villages with an area of about 50 square kilometers south of Qeshm, with salt minerals and soil and lead.
The island has an area of 6.33 square kilometers and is an imperfect cone located on the southern coast of Qeshm Island.
Its distance from Bandar Abbas is about 43 nautical miles and up to 29 nautical miles to Qeshm. The island has limestone postal heights and the highest point of the Knox Mountain is 106 meters high. Its largest diameter from the "village to the old" to the "village at a new time" is 9 kilometers. Fishing is the only economic activity on the island when most people are busy fishing. From the point of view of the island, is the British port facility.
Larak Island is one of the landmarks of Hormozgan province in southern Iran.
Larak Island, with a total area of 7.48 square kilometers, is located 18 miles from the center of Bandar Abbas province and 6 miles from Qeshm and in the southeast of this city, in the Strait of Hormuz.
The island is composed of conical volcanic mountains. Its tallest point is 138 meters above sea level and its largest diameter is 10.6 kilometers. There is no agricultural activity on the island, and the only economic activity of most people on the island of Lark is fishing and diving.
The drinking water of the people of this island is shipped more often through Bandar Abbas, as well as the water of the ponds and its wells.
Other non-Persian Gulf islands include Shif, Amal Karm, Um Sileh (Khan), Khour, Mol'yat, Sahandnun, Chahar, Bird, Lamp.
Gulf non-residential islands are of particular global importance as marine coral reefs (diver food), harbor porpoises and turtles, and the habitat of various migratory birds.
Of course, the Persian Gulf islands are more than enough, some of them taking the name of the island during the tidal season.