Miankaleh Lagoon

Iran's bird-watching paradise

Anzali Lagoon

Anzali Lagoon

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Lake and wetland

  • wetlands

    • Of the 42 types of wetlands identified by the Ramsar Convention in the world, except one type of wetland, the turbograss, the rest are found in Iran, which indicates a large variety of Iranian wetlands. Also, lots of wetlands Iran is very large due to the size of the country and the range of their dimensions vary widely, so that their range varies from less than a few hectares to more than 500,000 hectares. More than 84 internationally recognized wetlands have been identified, of which 33 wetlands have been listed in the 22 conventions, with a total area of ​​1481147 hectares, to the Ramsar Convention and are subject to the provisions of this Convention.
  • Lake

    • The number of Iranian lakes due to its geological status is relatively high. Some of these lakes are permanent and some of them are dry in most days of the year. Among the most important permanent lakes in Iran, besides the Caspian Sea, one can mention the lakes of Urumia, Bakhtegan, Jazmourian, Parishan, Maharlou, Zaryar and Hamoun. Iran is a part of the semi-arid and arid lands of Asia with relatively low annual rainfall. Hence, its lakes are low and often in the dug out of the earth. However, some of Iran's lakes, such as the lakes of Tar and Gohar, are on the high. Persistent Iranian lakes are mostly restricted to the northwest and southwestern Iran. In arid and desert areas, the lakes are seasonal and terminal and have salt water. In Iran there are 28 natural lakes and 9 lakes formed by the dam construction.