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The Morteza Ali Fountain and Shah Abbasi Dam as Natural-Historical Attraction in Khorasan. The hot spring of Morteza Ali, with hot and cold springs in a bedriver and alongside each other in this valley is a very phenomenal phenomenon that you will not find anything like that. Among the walls of the fountain of Morteza Ali there are very old graves belonging to the Zoroastrians who lived around here many years ago. The Arched Abbasi Dam, the world's thinnest and highest arch dam, is at the end of the path to this spring that has made this region unique in terms of tourism. There are Petroglyph of goats on path to the dam, which experts know as more than 7,000 years old.
Morteza Ali Fountain and Shah Abbasi Dam
The hot fountain of Morteza Ali, with its hot and cold water, is located along the path of the village of Khrv, located 27 km from Tabas city, in the heart of the desert of Iran. After passing through the city of Tabas to reach this fountain, about 5 km of the route should be traversed by foot, which mostly passes through the water. It is the source of water for most farms and the supply of water to the Tabas Gardens, which is transmitted through the water stream to the city.
Along the path of Morteza Ali's spring, the high walls of a valley stand on both sides, and on these walls there are holes that appear to be based on a special order.
After about 15 minutes walk, we arrive at a region where numerous water fountain, especially several hot and cold fountains, are located, and the largest of them are from inside a hole that is known as the Morteza Ali bath.
The hot fountains from the wall to the right into the river, causing a temperature difference in the spring, sometimes reaching 10 degrees. The greater concentration of warm water and its structural difference with the running water at the river's bed. These waters also extend about 300 meters across the river bed, while they are not completely mixed up and are inseparable in the river bed.Thus, on one side the river runs cold water and on the other side hot water flows, and one foot can swallow on the warm side of the river and another foot on the cold side of the river. The rare phenomenon that you may not have the opportunity to experience in any other part of the country.
Inside the high walls of the valley, there are holes and canals that are built with a special order and engineering that is known as the Gabar House, dating back to the Sasanian era about 1500 years ago.
These holes, which are known as graves or houses of Gabar, are originally the burial place of Zoroastrians, which were generally created in very high places and valleys, but others believe that these holes were houses with a tunnel Interconnected. Another interesting point is that the holes are arranged in a distinct order and distance from each other in the form of a duplex above and below each other, and it is said that the hole is at the bottom of the entrance to the house.
Each of these holes is a section of a canal inside the chamber after the wells weighing about 10 meters high, which leads to the chambers. The access to these houses is difficult and accessible only by climbing and climbing equipment and by qualified enthusiasts.
Shah Abbasi dam is located in Tabas or Abbasi vault in Tabas city and is one of its historical monuments. An interesting point about the Shah Abbasi Dam in Tabas is that it has won several titles, "the most" for itself, which is the oldest and largest arch dam in the world, which for five hundred and forty years, it has been able to earn the title of the world's tallest dam. But the superiority of the Shah Abbasi dam in Tabas is not stopped here, because no dam has ever been able to get the title of the thinnest dam due to its one meter long crown.
Several goats are carved on the rock beside this dam. These Petroglyphs are a symbol of water abundance, generosity and abundance of blessings, and some of these goats are a symbol of angels praying for the sake of water, the increase and the abundance of blessings on the walls of the vault. The age of these rock paintings is not known, but experts know it is more than 7,000 years old.
To reach the Morteza Ali Fountain and Shah Abbasi Dam, you must leave the Kharv village and then enter the entrance of the valley.
The Kharv village is a tourist village 20 kilometers east of Tabas and has a nice paved road. There are also one-day and several-day lodging accommodations in the outskirts of the village.