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The land of Yazd contains the effects of the glorious and brilliant cultural heritage and ancient civilization of Iran's various historical periods. The ancient and historical works of the survivors are scattered throughout the province of Yazd, indicating the ancient land of this land.
The city of Yazd is the first "adobe or brick" and "historic" city in the world. Among the Iranians, the city of Yazd is known as the city of windcatcher, which in fact, winds are the respiratory system of the city.
The land of Yazd has embodied the manifestations of the glorious and brilliant cultural heritage and ancient civilization of Iran's various historical periods. The history of human living in this area has exceeded the third millennium BC, so that the tribes moving from Balkh to Pars called this land "Yazdan (God)" and since then Yazd was the place of worship. One of the most important centers of the original settlement of this land is Mehparadin (Mehrz), Faharshan, Pohreh (Fahraj), Khormish, Ader (Ardakan), Shovaz, Mobadan (Meybod), Toranj,Oqda and Ashkzar. This city has been the holiest place at the head of all these villages.
In Yazd province, on the one hand, Shirkuh heights (4075 m high) to a wide radius of the region are influenced by its positive factors, such that in the valleys and its foothills, the air is relatively mild and possesses the characteristics of the hill But on the other hand, in the center and east of the province, there are salt dams and wide open-air plains that have increased the degree of dryness and the severity of desert conditions.
Before the arrival of Muslims in Iran, the people of Yazd province were like Zoroastrian people in other parts of Iran. With the extinction of the Sassanid rule in the first half of the first century AD, the people of most parts of Iran, including Yazd province, converted to Islam, and now, overwhelmingly, the people of Yazd province are Muslims and followers of Shi'a.
In Yazd, in addition to textiles and handicrafts, a variety of confectionery are also available that are popular throughout Iran and even around the world.